Overview of All English Tenses - Present Tenses Overview - Present Perfect


The present perfect always relates the past to the present. This can be through the unfinished past, where we're expressing duration, such as 'I have played football for 10 years,' the indefinite past expressing experience in your life, such as 'I have been to Italy and Spain,' and also to show the present results of a past action 'I have broken my leg.' I broke it in the past and it remains broken in the present. Our final present tense is the present perfect continuous tense. Our example sentence here 'I have been playing football for 10 years' has the structure subject plus auxiliary verb 'have' or 'has' and then a second auxiliary verb here 'being' plus 'verb-ing'; 'I have been playing.' Very much like the present perfect tense, the present perfect continuous relates the past to the present but more focused on the continuity or the duration of the action. It can also be used to express the unfinished past, such as the example here 'I have been playing football for 10 years,' an action that began in the past and still continues in the present.

Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

This is yet another example of deliberately making usages obtuse. Mastery of the language isn't really tackled here. Rather, it's simply knowledge of the rules in their vaguest forms. While this has some merit, it's not the be-all and end-all of language acquisition. I would prefer it we looked at grammar more carefully, and explored usage in fact, rather than usage in theory.This unit explained the importance of the audience which is being taught in the classroom. Distinguishing between adult learners and young learners was necessary in order to deliver the lesson material in a way that most benefits their learning level and preference. Establishing the current learning level of the students was also presented as an important part of teaching ESL.