Nouns are referred as people, animals, places, things, states and qualities. The main types of nouns are divided to categories such as, common noun, proper nouns, compound nouns, abstract noun, collective and plural nouns. Nouns are also divided to countable and uncountable nouns such as car, egg are things that can be counted whilst salt, sugar, music, water are things that cannot be counted hence uncountable. Adjectives are used to describe nouns such as people and things. For instance, when describing a dress, we would use words like, big/small, expensive/cheap, beautiful/ugly.
The word ‘than’ is known as to compare with something, such as, the ball is bigger than the hand, the swimming pool is smaller than the living room, the cup is taller than the mug and etc.
There are two types of articles in English which are called the definite and indefinite articles. When to use these articles would highly depend on who or what you are referring to in the speech or a sentence. Indefinite articles are a and an, and the rules attached to it are simple. ‘A’ is used when the noun is represented by a consonant, for example, a cup, a spoon etc. Whilst, ‘an’ is used when the noun begins with the vowel ‘a,e’I,o’u’, for example, an ant, an elephant, an igloo, an orange, an umbrella and etc. However, the word ‘unicorn’ will be represented with ‘a’ unicorn rather than ‘an’ unicorn. Reason being, the word has a ‘yoo’ sound rather to a ‘u’ sound.
Verbs are classified to two main categories, such as action verbs and state verbs. These verbs are either transitive or intransitive verbs. Transitivity verb is an action verb that expresses a doable activity such as, walk, kick, write, clean and etc. This verb is to be represented by something or someone who receives the action of the verb. Intransitive verb is a verb that cannot be followed directly by an object, for example, glow, shine, sparkle, fall, arrive, sleep, speak and etc.
Adverbs add meaning to the information or meaning to the action and they are divided to five main types, manner, place, time, degree and frequency. To form an adverb, we must add -ly to the back of the word such as slow to slowly, quick to quickly and etc. To form a sentence for example, we would need to add -ly, as such, Brandon bought the television recently. Note the word ‘recent’ has been changed to ‘recently’.
A gerund is the -ing form of a verb, for example, drink to drinking and to use a gerund in a sentence, the verb is to be added an ‘-ing’. For example, Susan is drinking the tea, James and Brandon are playing outside, Mother is buying some tomatoes for lunch and etc. Note the words drinking, playing and buying are derived from the verbs, drink, play and buy.
Prepositions show the relationship between a noun and a pronoun and some other word in a sentence and conjunctions join words to the group such as, and, or, either, nor, etc.