Today, I learned parts of speech, which is about Grammar. The first category is Noun whose main types are common nouns(brother, city, street), proper noun (Tom, Tokyo, Downing Street), compound nouns (lifeboat, bookcase, car parts), and collective nouns (family, herd). Nouns can be divided into countable (dog(s), pen(s)) and uncountable nouns which cannot be plurals.
The next one is Verb, which is classified as action and state verbs. The former can be added to -ing like are working but state verb shouldn't.
Auxiliary verbs are the helping verbs, not carrying the ain meaning. It just helps form like 'is having, Do you smoke'. Verbs are categorized as regular and irregular verbs whose word changes completely.
Adjectives describe nouns (give more information about them) like an old, black, leather chair. There is a specific pattern like age- color- material.
In the adjective categorization, there are possessive (my, your, her, his, our..), comparatives and superlative adjectives.
There are five main types of adverbs: Manner, Place, Time, Degree, and Frequency. Prepositions show a relationship between a noun or a pronoun and the rest of the sentence. This is three main categories: time (before, during, in, at, on), place (in, at, on under, between), movement (towards, from, to, through), others (of, with, for)
Pronouns take the place of a noun. They are classified as personal pronouns are subject (I, you, he, she,) and object (me, you, him, her)
, reflexive pronouns (speaking oneself), relative pronouns (helping more information).
Here, we have to be aware of the difference of between possessive pronouns and possessive adjective.
The former takes the place of a noun (mine /yours/ his hers/ its / ours /theirs). The latter describe nouns like my / your/ his her/ its/ our / their.
The form of infinitive is 'to + base form of the verb.' It is typically used after a verb. The form of gerund is 'verb + ing', which is used as a noun.
Articles are classified as indefinite (a, an) definite (the) zero article (x).
Conjunctions are used when connecting the sentences. They are 'and, but, or, etc. Finally, we have to differentiate main verb and gerund when using the form of -ing. In this sentence, "I like playing poker" playing is used as gerund.