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This is how our TEFL graduates feel they have gained from their course, and how they plan to put into action what they learned:
Lesson Planning There are many things that a good teacher needs to do in order to affectively teach. For example, good student report, class room management, and student discipline. Of paramount importance is lesson planning. Lesson planning is important because it keeps the teacher and the class on track, it keeps a record for future references, and it can help the class as a whole reach their goals.
By writing down what you expect the students to learn by the end of the lesson, and how you intend to teach it will help the teacher and the students reach those goals. Without goals, the class as a whole has nothing to work towards because the goal of learning english
has many steps. Easy destination points can help build confidence. The greatest benefit is achieved when the students have a role in forming the goals as they will feel more ownership and accountability towards the goals. Posting the goals from the lesson plan on to the board can serve as a visual reminder of what the class is working towards.
There is no special way of writing down a lesson plan. Some teachers write extravagant formal lesson plans while some just doodle notes. Each teacher will find their own way. An organized documented structure of a lesson plan can help you stay on track so that you have something to refer to during the lesson. Running through the lesson plan before the class begins and making sure all of the necessary tools are readily available is always a good idea. Setting timed phases will help the class flow through and stay focused. Although the class should be flexible as well; when the class is really enjoying a particular activity and is fully engaged for learning, extending the activity time would be very beneficial.
A lesson plan also acts as a record for future reference, so that the teacher can remember what the class has done. It can also allow the teacher to set up a sequence of lessons that coincide with one another. It is also good to keep records for substitute teachers to have something to follow so that they are not just walking into the dark because then they will most likely not teach anything that will be remembered.
There are a few different opinions on the matter of lesson planning. Some teachers may say that a lesson plan can make a lesson far too rigid and boring. A balance is of course necessary, you don’t want to cut a student off in mid sentence to switch the phase of the lesson, though only very experienced teachers can walk into a class room and just start teaching without a lesson plan and that’s probably only because they have done so many lesson plans already that it’s just second nature. Lesson planning should be practiced because it’s a good organizational skill, it keeps a record for future references, and it can help the class as a whole reach their goals.