as a Global LanguageThe use of english
globally has many repercussions on its teaching and learning. english
is the lingua franca of the world and as such it has multiple uses. english
television and english
movies are the standard for entertainment. english
literature gains popularity across the world. The computer and internet are more accessible through knowledge of english
. Professional standards and manuals are first published in english
and then translated to other languages. To have updated knowledge about new research, new publications in one’s professional field, knowledge of english
is almost necessary. The internationalization of economies means that to move to top positions in companies or just to engage in adequate workplace communication requires one to know english
teachers have the option of working anywhere in the world. The wide use of english
entails that there is a demand for teachers in countries where english
is not the first language. The ease with which modern transportation allows for immigration whether they be legal or illegal, refugees or working class, means that migrants have to learn english
in their adopted countries (Canada, u.s.
A., England, Australia).
What, then, are the effects of this demand of english
on teaching and learning? Students, specifically, adult students, come to class with high levels of motivation. They have a fairly significant interaction with english
which makes it easier to teach. Furthermore, there are a wide variety of interesting authentic and inauthentic english
materials to learn from. However, one can come into contact with more poorly spoken/written english
than properly spoken/written english
. Thus, perhaps the main work of english
teachers is going to be english
enrichment rather than teaching english
to beginners. The ability to teach someone a language with its expressions, its metaphors and its cultural and historical context is not only a large proposition but also somewhat problematic.
With the pervasiveness of english
, has also come various critiques. english
will rout out other smaller languages. It will reduce the incentive and opportunities for people to learn other languages. english
words are replacing words in local languages which seem to be fading away. english
and its speakers, owing to their advantage, are going to dominate societies. If members of the elite class in countries where english
is not the spoken language, live their lives almost exclusively or dominantly with english
where, then, does that leave them with regards their interaction with other classes. Will the spread of english
, due to its association with British colonialism and now American imperialism, also mean a spread of the cultural values of its original native speakers? A theory of linguistic relativity claims that one’s view of the world or cognitive process is affected by the language spoken.
Are other cultures and languages truly threatened by english
as a global language? english
films, television and music, advertisements and media in english
, as well as, english
in education and for research can be seen to pose a challenge to national languages and local dialects. Thomas Babington Macaulay had said once that a single shelf of english
books possessed more worth than libraries of books in native indian
tongues. This may have been a racist and imperialist notion. In today’s worlds, literature and film from dialects and languages around the world have been translated into english
. The knowledge of english
opens the doors to learn about other cultures, to visit other countries, to participate in the world community. Certainly, english
cannot be disentangled from its imperial history but english
culture is now a form of global culture. It is in english
that we can properly explore colonial history or imperialist present, the modes of inequality and disparity in power structures. People are more than capable of switching dialects based on situation and children, especially, are remarkably good at learning more than one language.
learning, once a tool for colonial domination, and english
culture, seen as a threat around the world should not be deemed so anymore. The process of evolving languages is as old as human existence and, though power structures obviously participate in determining which languages stay alive, very natural . english
is now not only a means for professional success but has also been appropriated by cultures for local uses. There are many “english
”-es. When teaching english
, local history and culture should be utilized and local uses should be accepted as colloquial forms.