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Learning difficulties also called learning disabilities or learning disorders are problems that affect the brain's ability to receive, process, analyze, or store information. These problems can make it difficult for a student to learn as quickly as someone who isn't affected by learning disabilities. The most common types of learning disabilities involve problems with reading, writing, math, reasoning, listening, and speaking. For parents it can be tough to face the possibility that their child has a learning disorder. No parents want to see their children suffer. But the important thing to remember is that most children with learning disabilities are just as smart as everyone else. They just need to be taught in ways that are tailored to their unique learning styles. By learning more about learning disabilities in general, and the child’s learning difficulties in particular, one can help pave the way for success at school and beyond. Learning disabilities usually first show up when a person has difficulty speaking, reading, writing, figuring out a math problem, communicating with a parent, or paying attention in class. Some children’s learning disabilities are diagnosed in grade school when a parent or a teacher notices the kid can't follow directions for a game or is struggling to do work. Remember that children who don’t have learning disabilities may still experience some of these difficulties at various times. The time for concern is when there is a consistent unevenness in the child’s ability to master certain skills. Paying attention to normal development milestones for toddlers and preschoolers is very important. Early detection of development differences may be an early signal of a learning disability and problems that are spotted early can be easier to correct. Common Types of Learning Disabilities Dyslexia Difficulty reading Problems reading, writing, spelling, speaking Dyscalculia Difficulty with math Problems doing math problems, understanding time, using money Dysgraphia Difficulty with writing Problems with handwriting, spelling, organizing ideas Dyspraxia (Sensory Integration Disorder) Difficulty with fine motor skills Problems with hand–eye coordination, balance, manual dexterity Dysphasia/Aphasia Difficulty with language Problems understanding spoken language, poor reading comprehension Auditory Processing Disorder Difficulty hearing differences between sounds Problems with reading, comprehension, language Visual Processing Disorder Difficulty interpreting visual information Problems with reading, math, maps, charts, symbols, pictures There was a beautiful movie made on learning disability –dyslexia, named ‘Taare Zamine Pe’ meaning Stars on the Earth. Cause of Learning diabilities No one's exactly sure what causes learning disabilities. But researchers do have some theories as to why they develop. Genetic influences- Experts have noticed that learning disabilities tend to run in families and they think that heredity could play a role. Brain development- Some experts think that learning disabilities can be traced to brain development, both before and after birth. For this reason, problems such as low birth weight, lack of oxygen, or premature birth may have something to do with learning disabilities. Young children who receive head injuries may also be at risk of developing learning disabilities. Environmental impacts- Infants and young kids are susceptible to environmental toxins (poisons). For example, lead (which can be found in some old homes in the form of lead paint or lead water pipes) is sometimes thought to contribute to learning disabilities. Coping With a Learning Disability Although a diagnosis of a learning disability can feel upsetting, it's actually the first step in resolving the condition. Once a person's particular problem has pinpointed, he or she can then follow strategies or take medicines to help cope with the disability. And taking steps to manage the disability can often help restore a student's self-esteem and confidence. Some students who have been diagnosed with a learning disability work with a special teacher or tutor for a few hours a week to learn certain study skills, note-taking strategies, or organizational techniques that can help them compensate for their learning disability.