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Here Below you can check out the feedback (for one of our units) of one of the 16.000 students that last year took an online course with ITTT!
At first, I thought this unit might be a little bit boring, but it was very interesting actually. This unit was a good tool for me to learn how to explain the structure of English in an analytical and logical way. Well explained parts of speech would be a great help for English learners to build their own knowledge and usages of English. Below is what I have absorbed through the unit.
A basic sentence is consist of a subject, verbs, and objects. Nouns are used in the subject or objects and are the names of people, things, places, states or qualities such as Tom, bookcase, family, coffee, police, flower, intelligence etc. Nouns are categorized by common, proper, abstract, collective or compound nouns and they are either countable or uncountable. Pronouns replace the nouns or noun phrases. For example, she/he, hers, herself or who are the pronouns in a sentence. Pronouns are categorized by personal, possessive, reflexive or relative pronouns.
Adjectives describe the nouns. When the adjectives are used in a group, a certain rule is applied: size + age + color + material + shape. We use comparative adjectives when you compare two things or people, while we use superlative adjectives in comparing more than two things or people together.
Verbs refer to actions or states in a sentence. Verbs are either transitive or intransitive depends on taking objectives or not. Base forms of verbs are conjugated into the simple present, simple past, past participles or present participles in either regular or irregular forms. The infinitive is the 'to base form' of a verb referring to actions as a whole. Be, Do and Have are the axillary verbs and they are helping verbs to form tenses, expressions or questions by combining with present or past participles or infinitives of other verbs. Adverbs explain or modify verbs or adjectives or other adverbs.
As a noun, a gerund is the ~ing form of a verb acting as a subject or an object in a sentence. Prepositions show the relationship between a noun or a pronoun and the rest of words in the sentence. The examples are: in, at, on, into, above, under, over etc. and they refer to time, place or movement. Articles are placed before nouns. If the nouns refer to any member of a group, we use indefinite articles: a or an. If the nouns refer to a specific member of a group, we use definite article: the. The definite article is used when you mentioned it earlier or when things are unique or specific modified by a limiting phrase or clause making an uncountable noun specific. In addition, the definite article is geographically used for rivers, oceans, deserts, forests, gulfs, and points of the globe etc. However, we do not use the definite article on countries, cities, mountains, continents, lakes or islands with some exceptions. Further, when we refer to something in a general sense using an uncountable noun or a countable noun in the plural, we do not use any articles. Lastly, conjunctions join words or groups in a sentence and the examples are: and, or, as soon as.