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Unit 4 Teaching New Language
4 things students need to learn a language:
- Exposed to it
- Understand meanings
- Understand construction
- Able to practise and produce it
Grammar is the tree trunk; Vocabulary and functions are the leaves.
New language has to be introduced in a balanced and manageable way. Can apply ESA
Straight arrow ESA for grammar and vocab
Boomerang and patchwork for functions based lessons.
1. Teaching Vocabulary
Receptive vocab are words students know but doesn’t use.
Productive vocab are words they know and use. Depends on: similarity to own language and English words already known, Spelling and pronunciation, appropriacy.
a. Selecting Vocab – appropriacy to students, to the task, frequency & coverage, teachability.
b. What students need to know – meaning, use, word grammar, interaction with other words, spelling, pronunciation.
c. Techniques for teaching – Engage by realia, mime and action, pictures, contrast, discussion, discovery.
Study by Gap-fill exercises, word searches, crosswords, matching exercises, example sentences, pronunciation exercises like drilling, study from texts and dialogues.
Activate by Open class or pair discussion, role play, simulation, story building, material production task like poster, advertisement and debate.
2. Introducing grammatical structures
Depends on level of class and course syllabus
Students need to know meanings, use, forms & patterns, spoken and written form.
ENGAGE - Discussion, scenario building, prompting, questions and answers, using pictures, drawings, real objects, mime etc
STUDY - Intonation and pronunciation, texts and dialogues, choral and individual repetition/ drilling, gap fills, information gaps, sentence word order, sentence building.
ACTIVATE - Communication games, role play, story building, discussion and debates.
3. Teaching Language Functions
- Inviting, refusing, agreeing and disagreeing, suggesting etc.
- Formal, informal, tentative, technical etc
- Stress on activation of language (Boomerang & Patchwork ESA)
ENGAGE - Open class discussion about favourite leisure activities.
ACTIVATE - They invite 2 peers to join them in their favourites activities.
STUDY - Listen to invitation dialogue on tape. Compare to their own language.
ACTIVATE - Using new language, role play in pairs. One wants a date with the other and invites. The other isn’t keen.