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1. Write five examples of each of the following Countable nouns - a Cat, a car, a flowers, a table, a dog Uncountable nouns - Bread, milk, rice, water, information adjective - Big small clever shot old young Adverb - slowly quickly honestly wisely firstly officially Preposition - Time: at, on, by, before, in, from, since, for, during, to Movement: from, to, in, into, on, onto, by, off, out, through, over Place: in, at, on, by, above, over, under, below, beneath, beside, between, near, next to, in front off verb - go watch play eat walk work Pronounce - Personal: I he she it we you they, me him her us them, Possessive: mine, yours, his, hers, ours, theirs, its Reflexive: myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourself, yourself, themself Relative: who, which, that, whose Infinitive - to go, to come, to behave, to eat, to cry Gerund - Speaking sleeping teaching attending wearing growing hurting Comparative adjective - better worse, the (adjective)+....est Superlatives adjective - Best, worst Article - at on in the from into Conjunction - and, but, or, nor, yet, also, as soon as, before, although, so, in order that 2. Identify the parts of speech in the following sentence I - pronoun usually - object go - verb swimming - gerund with - preposition my - pronoun best - Adjective friend - noun and - Conjunction his - pronoun rather - adverb usually - adverb girlfriend - noun 3. Stayed the difference between the following and given an example of each A. Adjectives and adverbs. ADJECTIVES- the word should qualify the noun it describes. For example: “a white rose”. You should find the noun rose, then the adjective white that describe the rose ADVERBS - it is part of speech that is used to describe an action or a verb B. Nouns and pronouns NOUN - a word used to identify any of a class of people, places, or things, or to name a particular one of these. Simply put it, noun is a word that is used to name a person, place or thing. This noun has three cases. They are nominative, objective, and possessive. Nominative case deals with the subject whereas objective or accusative case deals with the object. Nouns look alike when they are used in the nominative and objective cases. Robert ate a mango. Here the word mango is used in the objective case. A mango falls from the tree. Here the word a mango is used in the nominative case. Hence, the forms look alike. Nouns are divided into various kinds. They include proper nouns, count nouns, non-count nouns, collective nouns, plural nouns and compound nouns. New York is a proper noun, table is a count noun, a herd is a collective noun, scissors is a plural noun and blackboard is a compound noun. Pronouns - A word that can function as a noun phrase used by itself and that refers either to the participants in the discourse (e.g. I, you) or to someone or something mentioned elsewhere in the discourse (e.g.she, it, this).” In the simplest terms, a pronoun is a word that can be used as a substitute for a noun. Under pronouns there exist different types of pronouns such as personal pronouns, interrogative pronouns, relative pronouns and indefinite pronouns. From them, personal pronouns are the ones most used. Some examples for personal pronouns are I, we, you and they. Pronouns look different when they are used in the nominative and objective cases. Look at the following examples. I read a book. In this sentence, I is used in the nominative case. He beat me. Here, the personal pronoun me is used in the objective case. You would find that the personal pronoun I has changed into me when used in the objective case. Hence, the two forms look different. Pronouns, on the other hand, are divided as demonstrative pronouns, relative pronouns, interrogative pronouns, reflexive pronouns, reciprocal pronouns and indefinite pronouns. This and that are demonstrative pronouns, who is a relative pronoun, which is an interrogative pronoun, myself is a reflexive pronoun, each other is a reciprocal pronoun and anyone is an indefinite pronoun. 4. Explain the following parts of speech as you would to a students. And explain the sentence would help to clarify your explanation Conjunctions A conjunction refers to a word that creates a connection between words, clauses or phrases. Let us have a look at some examples. His response to the performance was honest but painful. I wanted to tell the truth because I hated lying to my parents. Unless you finish the work, I cannot let you leave. We will practice for the event until you arrive. As you can observe, the main function of conjunctions is to connect two things. In the English language, there are many examples for conjunctions. Some are and, but, either/or, neither/nor, not only, because, although, until, while, unless, since, or. There are different types of conjunctions. They are, 1. Coordinate conjunctions 2. Correlative conjunctions 3. Subordinate conjunctions Coordinate conjunctions usually connect two nouns, adjectives or even adverbs. And, but are some of the common conjunctions that fall into this category. Correlative conjunctions are used to connect contrasting ideas or even ideas that weigh equally. This is why mostly conjunctions such as either/or, neither/nor are used. Subordinate conjunctions are used to connect subordinate clauses. Here conjunction such as because, as, unless, until can be used. Gerund Gerund is a verbal that is made from a verb by adding ing. Its purpose is to work as a noun despite being a verb. • Johnny likes eating pastries. • In some countries, drinking in public places is prohibited. Thus, gerund is a verbal noun and functions both as a verb as well as a noun. It is derived from a verb but functions as a noun. However, it has the characteristics of verb even while functioning as a noun which is why it is referred to as a verbal noun. Verbs A verb, on the other hand, denotes any kind of action such as ‘eating’, ‘dancing’, ‘writing’, ‘swimming’ and the like. Words called verbs can explain anything that we do or perform. It is interesting to know that nouns and verbs combine to form complete sentences. Observe the two sentences given below. Francis reads a book. Angela gives a fruit to Adam. In the first sentence, reads is a verb and both of them are used nicely in completing a sentence. In the second sentence, the word gives is a verb and both of them combine nicely to form a complete sentence. Moreover, a verb normally connects a subject to an object. Competitive adjective A comparative adjective compares two things that are on the same level. The word comparative suggests the idea that ‘measured or judged by estimating the similarity or dissimilarity between one thing and another.’ In English grammar, comparison can be formed by means of comparative adjectives using two means. That is by either using than or as……as. The word than is used after the adjective whereas the as….as form is used with the adjective in between. E.g.- • My sister is prettier than me. • Our house is bigger than his. • Their house is more beautiful than ours. • I think science is more difficult than mathematics. e is twice as old as his girlfriend. • She is as good as her father. When the word than is used, the adjective also changes its form. It takes a different form either by adding a suffix, ‘-er’(applicable for adjectives with two or fewer syllables) or by adding the word, ‘more’ in front of the adjective. (applicable for adjectives with more than two syllables). When the second type of comparison is used, as……..as is used with an adjective of its root form.There are irregular comparatives too: E.g. good > better than bad > worse than Superlatives adjective A superlative adjective is a form of an adjective used to compare one person or one thing with each and every person or thing in a particular group. We use the superlative to talk about someone or something having greater degree of some quality. The superlative of English grammar is typically formed by adding the suffix ‘-est’ to the basic form of the adjective. E.g.- • My sister is the prettiest in the class. • Our house is the biggest house on St. Peter’s Lane. • Their house is the most beautiful house in the village. • I think science is the most difficult subject. Apart from the regular adjectives which take the ‘est’ form, there are irregular superlatives too: E.g. good> the best bad > the worst